DIY butcher block countertops can transform your kitchen into a warm and inviting space. With some basic tools and materials, you can create durable, beautiful countertops that will enhance your home’s style. In this guide, we’ll walk you through the entire process of constructing and installing your own butcher block countertops.

Choosing Your Wood

The first step is selecting the right type of wood. Here are some popular options:

  • Maple – Hard and dense, maple withstands wear and tear. It has a smooth, creamy look.
  • Walnut – Prized for its rich, dark color. Walnut has a distinctive grain pattern.
  • Cherry – Known for its reddish-brown hue. Cherry ages well over time.
  • Oak – Affordable and abundant. Oak has an attractive grain but is prone to staining.

Opt for kiln-dried hardwood with a moisture content of 6-8%. Avoid softwoods like pine which can scratch easily. Ultimately, choose a wood that fits your desired look and budget.

Determining Dimensions

Carefully measure the existing countertops you plan to replace. Make sure to account for any irregularities in your cabinets or walls. Leave an extra 1-2 inches of overhang on each side for support. It’s better for the butcher block to be slightly large rather than too small. Buy your boards in these precise custom dimensions to avoid extra cutting.

Purchasing and Prepping Materials

Here’s what you’ll need to construct your DIY butcher block:

  • Kiln-dried hardwood boards
  • Wood glue
  • Compressor and brad nailer
  • Sandpaper (80 grit and 120 grit)
  • Wood filler
  • Mineral oil and/or beeswax finish

Once you have your materials, sand each board lightly with 80 grit sandpaper to rough up the surface. This helps the glue adhere better. Also chamfer the bottom edges of each board at 45 degrees to create a small bevel. This prevents chipping down the line.

Gluing and Clamping the Boards

Lay out all the boards on a flat work surface and determine their arrangement. Stagger the end joints for the most seamless look.

Apply a thin layer of wood glue to each edge. Then fit the pieces together tightly like a puzzle. Use clamps across the width of the boards to hold them together firmly as the glue dries.

Let the glued butcher block rest for at least 1-2 hours before moving on to the next step. The longer you wait, the stronger the bond will be.

Sanding and Filling Gaps

Once the glue has fully cured, remove the clamps. Sand the entire surface with 80 grit sandpaper to flatten it out. Pay special attention to gaps between boards.

Fill any remaining cracks with a wood filler that matches your boards. Let the filler dry completely then sand again with 120 grit sandpaper. At this point, you should have a smooth, even surface.

Applying a Protective Finish

Applying mineral oil to a butcher block countertop

The final step is sealing the wood to protect it from moisture, spills and bacteria.

Mineral oil is a popular choice. Simply rub it over the entire surface then wipe away excess. Reapply every few weeks to maintain the finish.

Beeswax provides a protective coating that repels water. Melt the wax and apply a thin layer after oiling. Buff off any leftover wax with a cloth.

Polyurethane is very durable but gives a plastic-like shine. Use sparingly to avoid ruining the natural wood look.

Installing Your New Countertops

You did it! Now it’s time to install your DIY butcher block countertops:

  • Clear countertop area and remove old countertop if present
  • Set the butcher block in place and shim as needed to stabilize
  • Predrill holes and use screws to securely attach to cabinets
  • Seal around the edges with silicone caulk
  • Finish edges with trim pieces if desired

Enjoy your handcrafted, custom butcher block countertops! With proper care and maintenance, they will last for decades in your home.

Frequently Asked Questions

What type of wood is best for butcher block countertops?

Hardwoods like maple, walnut, and cherry are ideal. They’re durable, stain-resistant, and age well. Avoid using soft woods like pine.

What tools do I need to make my own butcher block?

You’ll need basic tools – wood glue, clamps, sandpaper, wood filler, a drill, compressor, and nail gun. A table saw helps cut boards cleanly but isn’t essential.

How thick should the boards be?

Aim for 1-1.5 inches thick. Thicker wood is less prone to warping. many DIYers use 1×6 inch boards laminated together.

Should I use construction adhesive or wood glue?

Wood glue like Titebond is best for gluing boards. Construction adhesive doesn’t create as strong of a bond.

How long will it take to make the countertops?

With proper planning, you can construct your butcher block countertop in 2-3 days. Allow extra time for the glue to dry between steps.

Is beeswax or mineral oil better for sealing?

Both work well. Beeswax provides more water resistance. Mineral oil penetrates deeper. Many people use both for maximum protection.

How do I cut a butcher block to fit my space?

Use a circular saw with a fine-toothed blade for clean cuts. Mark your cut line and clamp a straightedge as a guide. Take it slow.

Can I use epoxy resin to finish my butcher block?

Epoxy resin gives incredible shine but will create a permanent plastic coating. Use sparingly or avoid altogether.


Butcher block countertops are a timeless, beautiful addition to any kitchen. By following this DIY guide, you can create custom countertops tailored exactly to your space. While the process requires some effort, the savings and satisfaction of constructing your own countertops make it worthwhile. Just take things step-by-step, allow plenty of drying time, and sand thoroughly. And remember to maintain your butcher block properly once installed for a surface that can be enjoyed for years to come. We hope these tips give you the confidence to tackle your own DIY butcher block project!