An eco-friendly kitchen utilizes materials, designs, and appliances meant to have a reduced environmental impact compared to conventional kitchens. As eco-consciousness rises, more homeowners are looking to green up their kitchens. Here are some tips for creating a greener, more sustainable kitchen.

Sustainable Materials

When selecting materials for countertops, cabinets, and floors, look for options that are responsibly sourced, recyclable, and non-toxic.


  • Concrete – Made from local materials like stone and sand, concrete counters are durable and easily recyclable. Sealing them prevents staining.
  • Reclaimed wood – Using reclaimed wood avoids fresh-cutting trees. Opt for FSC-certified or reclaimed wood.
  • Recycled glass – Countertops can be crafted using recycled glass mixed with concrete or resin. This diverts waste from landfills.
  • Bamboo – Rapidly renewable and compostable at end of life, bamboo makes an eco-friendly countertop. Choose formaldehyde-free adhesives.


  • Salvaged cabinets – Search architectural salvage stores for used cabinets to refinish and install. This reduces waste.
  • FSC-certified wood – The Forest Stewardship Council certifies sustainably harvested lumber. Seek their approval.
  • Bamboo – Like with countertops, bamboo offers a renewable cabinetry option compared to wood.


  • Cork – Made from recycled cork bark, cork floors are naturally water-resistant and antimicrobial.
  • Reclaimed wood – Old wood floors or salvaged barn boards give floors character while reusing wood.
  • Concrete – Durable, non-toxic concrete floors can last for decades with proper sealing.
  • Bamboo – Bamboo floors require fewer trees than hardwoods. Look for low-VOC adhesives.

Energy Efficient Appliances

Choosing the most energy efficient appliances available dramatically reduces your kitchen’s electricity use and carbon footprint.

  • Refrigerator – Seek out Energy Star rated fridges, which use at least 15% less energy than non-certified models.
  • Dishwasher – Buy an ENERGY STAR dishwasher that uses less water and 40% less energy. Scrape dishes instead of rinsing to save more water.
  • Oven – Convection ovens cook food faster using less energy. Induction cooktops also offer energy savings.
  • Ventilation – Install an ENERGY STAR range hood with built-in occupancy sensors so it only runs when needed.

Sustainable Design Concepts

How you lay out and construct your kitchen can also improve its green factor.

  • Natural light – Increase windows and skylights to rely less on artificial lighting during daylight hours.
  • Efficient layout – Position appliances thoughtfully to reduce steps between prep, sink, fridge, and stove.
  • Water-saving faucets/fixtures – Install low-flow faucets and dual-flush toilets to conserve water.
  • Recycled building materials – Use salvaged or recycled fixtures, tiles, and hardware, when possible.
  • Non-toxic materials – Choose zero- or low-VOC paints, stains, adhesives and sealants to maintain indoor air quality.
  • Composting – Add a compost bin or drawer to reduce food waste sent to landfills.

6 FAQs About Eco-Friendly Kitchens

What are the most eco-friendly countertop options?

Concrete, reclaimed wood, recycled glass, and bamboo are excellent eco-friendly countertop choices. Each diverts waste from landfills and avoids using virgin materials.

Should I buy used cabinets for my green kitchen?

Searching architectural salvage stores for used cabinets is very eco-friendly. You reduce demand for new cabinet manufacturing and give existing cabinets renewed life. Just refinish them to suit your style.

Is cork really a good option for sustainable floors?

Yes, cork is naturally antimicrobial and water-resistant. It’s also comfortable underfoot. Opting for recycled cork avoids fresh harvesting while diverting waste. Cork can be composted at end of life.

How much energy do Energy Star appliances really save?

Energy Star appliances are 15-40% more energy efficient on average than conventional models. This generates significant electricity savings over the appliance’s lifetime.

What’s the most eco-friendly kitchen sink material?

Stainless steel is the most durable and long-lasting sink material. It’s also 100% recyclable at end of life. Choose a low-flow faucet to reduce water usage.

Should I install a compost bin in my green kitchen?

Absolutely. Diverting food waste from landfills via composting is one of the best eco-friendly practices for any kitchen. Compost enriches soil naturally and avoids methane production in landfills.


Creating an eco-friendly kitchen requires smart material selection, energy efficient appliances, and sustainable design concepts. But the benefits for the environment are well worth the extra planning. By greening your kitchen, you can reduce its lifetime carbon footprint and help preserve resources for the future. Small steps like installing a compost bin or buying a recycled glass countertop make a meaningful difference.